Student resources for Chapter 04: Morphology
Study guide for Chapter 04: Morphology
You should be able to simply explain the following terms, and provide an example:
|Degree of synthesis||Isolating/analytic||Polysynthetic|
|Lexicalization||Phonologically conditioned allomorphy|
|Degree of fusion||Lexically conditioned allomorphy|
You should be able to do the following:
Discuss how can you tell what counts as a word in a language.
Break words in English or other languages into composite morphemes.
Identify whether a morpheme is free/bound, its type (if an affix), and whether it is derivational or inflectional.
Understand the difference between a highly productive and a less productive morphological process, and give examples of each.
List allomorphs of a morpheme and their environments.
Make simple statements about distribution of allomorphs.
Make simple statements about the phonological processes that give rise to allomorphs.
State the morphological type of a language.
Hints for Conducting Morphological Analysis
Isolate and compare forms that are partially similar in form and meaning.
Basic Assumption: constancy of form means constancy of meaning.
Look for correspondences between sound and meaning, see how they line up.
If a single phonetic form has two distinct meanings, it must be analyzed as two morphemes. Example: English –er in rider versus colder.
If one meaning is associated with different phonetic forms, these different forms all represent the same morpheme, and are allomorphs.
Different languages have different morphological categories.